Cruel and Usual

On November 6, 2013 Applied Research Center (ARC) was rebranded as Race Forward: The Center for Racial Justice Innovation. The content on this page was published on the ARC website prior to the rebrand.
February 15, 2001

This report is the result of a survey that included 1500 people in 13 states who had contact with the welfare system in the four years after 1996 welfare reform. The report details discrimination in the operation of the new welfare programs based on four factors: race, gender, language, and national origin.

To download this report in PDF format, complete the form on this page.